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Vet Microbiol. 1998 Aug 28;63(1):61-9.

Neurotoxic effect on two fish species and a PC12 cell line of the supernate of Vibrio alginolyticus and Vibrio anguillarum.

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Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Malaga, Spain.


The biological effects of supernates obtained from different strains of Vibrio alginolyticus and Vibrio anguillarum isolated from diseased fish have been studied by inoculation on two fish species, eel and rainbow trout, and two fish cell lines. These supernates possess neuroexcitatory properties, and so, when they are injected into both fish species, they trigger convulsions, wriggling, contortive swimming and respiratory arrest coupled with increased respiratory reflex. Furthermore, after the application of the supernates on cultures of noradrenergic pheochromocytoma PC12 cells, an increase of acetylcholine, released from the cells was obtained. The amount of released acetylcholine depends on the source of assayed supernates and on the dose applied to the cells. On the basis of the results obtained with PC12 cells, we suggest that the supernates from pathogenic Vibrio strains injected into fish may elicit an increased release of acetylcholine in the motor endplate of some muscles related to locomotion and ventilation of the inoculated fish.

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