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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1998 Nov;287(2):508-14.

Functional characterization of the recombinant human 5-hydroxytryptamine7(a) receptor isoform coupled to adenylate cyclase stimulation.

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1
Synaptic Pharmaceutical Corporation, Paramus, New Jersey, USA.

Abstract

Functional characterization of the recombinant human 5-hydroxytryptamine7(a) (h5-HT7(a)) receptor isoform was performed using stably transfected LM(tk-) cells. Expression levels of the h5-HT7(a) receptor determined from saturation studies using either a labeled agonist ([3H]5-HT) or antagonist ([3H]LSD) were very similar (Bmax = 160-190 fmol/mg protein), suggesting that all receptors may exist in the high affinity (G protein-coupled) state. In intact cells, 5-HT produced a concentration-dependent elevation of intracellular cAMP levels ([cAMP]i) with an EC50 value of 80 nM and a maximal response of 5-fold increase above basal levels. The rank order of agonist potencies in the second messenger assay paralleled their rank order of binding affinities: 5-carboxamidotryptamine > 5-hydroxytryptamine >/= 5-methoxytryptamine > 8-hydroxy N,N-dipropyl aminotetralin > sumatriptan. Agonist potencies (EC50 values) to stimulate [cAMP]i were more than 25-fold lower relative to their respective binding affinities (Ki values) obtained in [3H]5-HT competition assays. In contrast, antagonist potencies (Kb values) to block 5-HT-stimulated [cAMP]i were in close agreement with their corresponding Ki values. These data may indicate low efficiency of receptor-effector coupling to adenylate cyclase stimulation. Pretreatment of stably transfected cells with cholera toxin abolished the 5-HT-mediated elevation of [cAMP]i, indicating that the 5-HT7(a) subtype directly interacts with Galphas protein(s) to activate adenylate cyclase(s). Clonal cell lines stably expressing h5-HT7 receptor isoforms will serve as valuable cellular models to study their function and regulation, as well as assist in the development of selective 5-HT7 receptor agents to uncover the biological roles and potential therapeutic applications of this novel receptor subtype.

PMID:
9808674
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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