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Exp Hematol. 1998 Nov;26(12):1172-7.

Neural and endogenous catecholamines in the bone marrow. Circadian association of norepinephrine with hematopoiesis?

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Center for Experimental Pathology, Cantonal Institute of Pathology, Locarno, Switzerland.


Members of our research team have recently reported that adrenergic agents may affect hematopoiesis via alpha1-adrenoceptors present on bone marrow B cell precursors. In this paper we demonstrate that murine bone marrow contains a substantial amount of catecholamines. Norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) exhibited a daily rhythmicity, with peak values observed during the night. The rhythm was disrupted by chemical sympathectomy, whereas epinephrine (E) showed no rhythmicity or sensitivity to 6-hydroxydopamine. High and low values of NE and DA were associated with high and low values of their metabolites, which indicated a rhythmic catecholamine release. NE, but not DA or E, was positively associated with the proportion of cells in the G2/M and S phases of the cell cycle. Moreover, NE and DA were found in both short-term and long-term bone marrow cultures as well as in human or murine B lymphoid cell lines. These findings indicate that endogenous catecholamines in the bone marrow have both neural and cellular origins. The neural input shows a daily rhythm and may be implicated in the regulation of hematopoiesis.

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