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Radiology. 1998 Nov;209(2):557-62.

Symptoms and signs related to the trigeminal nerve: diagnostic yield of MR imaging.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess the diagnostic yield of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in patients with symptoms and signs related to the trigeminal nerve.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Medical records and MR imaging studies in 112 consecutive patients referred for MR imaging over 5 years were evaluated. MR images were independently reviewed by two neuroradiologists unaware of the clinical findings. Signs and symptoms at presentation were associated with either a positive or negative MR imaging outcome. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify clinical variables related to imaging results.

RESULTS:

Sixty-eight (61%) patients had positive MR imaging findings related to symptoms and signs. Trigeminal neuralgia was correlated with a negative MR imaging outcome (P < .001). Numbness (P < .01), impaired sensation (P < .001), other neurologic symptoms and signs (P < .01), progression of symptoms and signs (P < .001), and duration of symptoms of less than 1 year (P < .001) corresponded to a positive MR imaging outcome. Two regression models, each with three clinical parameters (progression, duration < 1 year, and trigeminal neuralgia or impaired sensation), had comparable accuracy for prediction of the MR imaging outcome.

CONCLUSION:

Clinical findings can be used to identify groups in which a high or a low yield of MR imaging is correlated with symptoms and signs related to the trigeminal nerve.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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