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Am J Public Health. 1998 Nov;88(11):1658-63.

Neighbors for a smoke free north side: evaluation of a community organization approach to promoting smoking cessation among African Americans.

Author information

1
Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63108, USA. efisher@im.wustl.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study evaluated a community organization approach that emphasized involvement of audiences in program planning and implementation in promoting nonsmoking among African American residents of low-income neighborhoods.

METHODS:

The quasi-experimental design involved a 24-month intervention in 3 low-income, predominantly African American neighborhoods in St. Louis. Intervention neighborhoods were compared with comparable, untreated neighborhoods in Kansas City.

RESULTS:

The program was successful in engaging audience members in its governance and in instigating numerous and diverse neighborhood activities to promote nonsmoking. The prevalence of smoking declined from 34% to 27% in program neighborhoods but only from 34% to 33% in comparison neighborhoods. This difference was apparent within all demographically defined subsamples, indicating that observed changes were consistent and not attributable to confounding by demographic characteristics.

CONCLUSIONS:

A community organization approach emphasizing local authority for program decisions and involvement of informal networks may have an appreciable impact on smoking among residents of low-income, African American neighborhoods.

PMID:
9807532
PMCID:
PMC1508568
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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