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Immunity. 1998 Oct;9(4):439-48.

mel-18 negatively regulates cell cycle progression upon B cell antigen receptor stimulation through a cascade leading to c-myc/cdc25.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Immunology, Graduate School of Medicine Chiba University, Japan.


mel-18 is a mammalian Polycomb group gene encoding a transcriptional repressor with tumor suppressive activity. Overexpression of mel-18 in mice results in cell cycle arrest of B cells upon B cell receptor stimulation with downregulation of c-myc. This phenotype is rescued in mel-18/c-myc double-transgenic mice, suggesting that c-myc locates downstream of mel-18. In mel-18 transgenic mice, the downregulation of cyclins D2 and E; CDK4, -6, and -7; and CDC25A causes the impairment in the activities of cyclin-dependent kinases, resulting in hypophosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein. In contrast, the upregulation of c-Myc, CDC25, and CDC2/CDK2 kinase activities results in the augmentation of B cell proliferation in mel-18-deficient mice. We therefore propose that mel-18 negatively regulates the cell cycle through a c-myc/cdc25 cascade.

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