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J Infect Dis. 1998 Oct;178(4):1105-14.

Regulation of interleukin-12 by interleukin-10, transforming growth factor-beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interferon-gamma in human monocytes infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra.

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Division of Infectious Diseases, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.


Regulation of interleukin (IL)-12 production by coexpression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, IL-10, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta in human monocytes infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra was analyzed. Also, since IL-12 induces interferon (IFN)-gamma, the effect of IFN-gamma on IL-12 expression was examined. IL-12 mRNA was measured by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and IL-12 protein by ELISA. IL-12 p35 mRNA was constitutive and inducible. IL-12 p70 protein paralleled IL-12 p40 protein expression. TNF-alpha protein expression occurred earlier than IL-12 p40 protein but was not required for IL-12 induction. Addition or neutralization of TGF-beta did not significantly alter IL-12 induction. In contrast, recombinant IL-10 reduced IL-12 and neutralization of IL-10 minimally enhanced IL-12. A pronounced increase in IL-12 followed IFN-gamma pretreatment, which selectively up-regulated IL-12 p35 mRNA. Further understanding of operative cytokine networks during M. tuberculosis infection may improve strategies for vaccine development and immunotherapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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