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Ann Thorac Surg. 1998 Oct;66(4):1159-63; discussion 1163-4.

Prognostic significance of HER-2/neu overexpression in stage I adenocarcinoma of lung.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Cancer Center, Veterans General Hospital-Taipei, and National Yang Ming University, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Even with early diagnosis and adequate resection, the 5-year survival rate for stage I lung cancer patients is around 60% to 70%. Overexpression of HER-2/neu protein is associated with poor prognosis in lung cancers. In this study, we evaluated the expression of HER-2/neu in cancer cells of lung and assessed their clinicopathologic and prognostic significance.

METHODS:

From 1986 to 1995, clinical data on 42 consecutive patients who underwent complete surgical resection for stage I lung adenocarcinoma were collected. Expression of HER-2/neu in paraffin-embedded tumor samples was determined by immunohistochemistry and scored with a semiquantitative method.

RESULTS:

Twenty-one of 42 patients were positive for HER-2/neu overexpression in tumor. Compared with patients with low HER-2/neu expression, patients with HER-2/neu overexpression had a significantly higher incidence of early tumor recurrence (p = 0.014). Survival was also significantly better in patients without HER-2/neu overexpression than in those with HER-2/neu overexpression (p = 0.0047). By univariate analysis, HER-2/neu overexpression and poor cell differentiation are two important factors correlated with poor prognosis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Expression of HER-2/neu oncoprotein in stage I lung adenocarcinoma can predict the tumor's aggressiveness. Early tumor recurrence was frequently detected in patients with HER-2/neu overexpression. We recommend an individualized therapeutic strategy based on the level of HER-2/neu oncoprotein in the tumor cells.

PMID:
9800799
DOI:
10.1016/s0003-4975(98)00792-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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