Send to

Choose Destination
Curr Biol. 1998 Oct 22;8(21):1195-8.

Protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) activity is elevated in glioblastoma cells due to mutation of the tumor suppressor PTEN/MMAC.

Author information

Department of Radiation Oncology University of California San Francisco, California, 94115, USA.


Glioblastomas are highly malignant tumors of the central nervous system that are resistant to radiation and chemotherapy [1]. We explored the role of the phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase signal transduction pathway in glioblastomas, as this pathway has been shown to inhibit apoptosis induced by cytokine withdrawal and the detachment of cells from the extracellular matrix [2]. Components of this pathway have been implicated in tumor development [3-6]. We show that glioblastoma cells, in contrast to primary human astrocytes, contain high endogenous protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) activity and high levels of PI 3,4,5-triphosphate (PI(3,4,5)P3) and PI(3,4)P2, the lipid products of PI 3-kinase. These glioblastoma cells express mutant forms of the putative 3' phospholipid phosphatase PTEN, also known as MMAC. Expression of wild-type PTEN derived from primary astrocytes, but not of mutant forms of PTEN, reduced the levels of 3' phosphoinositides and inhibited PKB/Akt activity. PTEN antagonized the activation of PKB/Akt by growth factors, by activated PI 3-kinase and by PI-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1), but did not antagonize the phospholipid-independent activation of PKB/Akt lacking the pleckstrin homology (PH) domain. These results suggest a role for PTEN in regulating the activity of the PI 3-kinase pathway in malignant human cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center