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Clin Nephrol. 1998 Oct;50(4):214-7.

Hyperfiltration in patients with type I diabetes mellitus: a prevalence study.

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Department Internal Medicine and Geriatric, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Roma, Italy.



An increase in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and renal plasma flow (EFPR) may be considered as prognostic factors for the progression of diabetic nephropathy; however the real predicting value of hyperfiltration in the development of incipient and overt nephropathy is as yet unknown. We have examined the prevalence of hyperfiltration in a population of normotensive adult IDDM patients and the possible effect of long-term metabolic control on glomerular hemodynamics.


We measured GFR and ERPF values in 177 normotensive, normoalbuminuric insulin-dependent diabetic patients and in 30 healthy subjects by single bolus intravenous injection of 1 miroCu/kg [51Cr]-EDTA and 0.2 microCu/kg [125I]-Hippuran intravenously. We have correlated the GFR values with parameters of metabolic control over the last 3 years and with age, sex, and duration of diabetes.


Patients with a GFR greater than the 95 degrees percentile value of controls (135 ml/min/1,73 m2) were defined as hyperfiltering. They represented the 55.9% (99/177) of our population. We found a strong correlation between GFR and ERPF (p <0.001), and between GFR and average HbA1c levels (p = 0.016) in multiple regression analysis, with age, sex, ERPF, and average HbA1c levels entered as variables (r2 = 0.45). There appeared to be no correlation with the duration of the disease.


Long-term hyperglycemia provides a significant contribution in GFR and a poor metabolic control is predictive of overt nephropathy. In this study hyperfiltration does not appear to be the major factor of diabetic nephropathy. A follow-up of these patients is necessary to clarify the role of hyperfiltration in the development of overt nephropathy in diabetes.

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