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Oncogene. 1998 Oct 22;17(16):2101-5.

Loss of heterozygosity in sporadic oesophageal tumors in the tylosis oesophageal cancer (TOC) gene region of chromosome 17q.

Author information

1
German Cancer Research Centre (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum), Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

From the genotyping of UK and US tylotic families with a high risk of oesophageal cancer we have previously localized the tylosis-associated cancer susceptibility gene (TOC gene, tylosis oesophageal cancer gene) to a 1 cM region on the long arm of chromosome 17 (Kelsell et al., 1996). In the present study we investigated loss of heterozygosity (LOH) patterns of 35 sporadic squamous cell carcinomas of the oesophagus using six polymorphic microsatellite markers encompassing this locus. Twenty-four of the 35 cases (69%) revealed LOH at one or more loci. Deletion was most frequently observed with the marker D17S801 (64% LOH, informative cases), which shows significant linkage to the TOC locus. The LOH analysis in sporadic oesophageal cancer we report here is thus consistent with the hypothesis that the tylosis oesophageal cancer susceptibility gene is also involved in the pathogenesis of a proportion of sporadic squamous cell carcinomas of the oesophagus.

PMID:
9798681
DOI:
10.1038/sj.onc.1202139
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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