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Oncogene. 1998 Oct 22;17(16):2039-45.

EWS/FLI1 up regulates mE2-C, a cyclin-selective ubiquitin conjugating enzyme involved in cyclin B destruction.

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Department of Experimental Pathology/Laboratory Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, USA.


The EWS/FLI1 fusion gene found in Ewing's sarcoma and primitive neuroectodermal tumor, is able to transform certain cell lines by acting as an aberrant transcription factor. The ability of EWS/FLI1 to modulate gene expression in cells transformed and resistant to transformation by EWS/FLI1, was assessed by Representational Difference Analysis (RDA). We found that the cyclin selective ubiquitin conjugase murine E2-C, was up regulated in NIH3T3 cells transformed by EWS/FLI1 but not in a nontransformed NIH3T3 clone expressing EWS/FLI1. We also found that mE2-C is upregulated in NIH3T3 cells transformed by other genes including activated cdc42, v-ABL and c-myc. We demonstrated that expression of mE2-C in both the EWS/FLI1 transformed and parent NIH3T3 lines varies with the cell cycle. Finally, dominant-negative mE2-C, created by changing a catalytic cysteine to serine, inhibits the in vitro ubiquitination and degradation of cyclin B in human HeLa cell extracts. These data suggest that part of the biologic effect of EWS/FLI1 could be to transcriptionally modulate genes involved in cell cycle regulation.

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