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Vision Res. 1998 Jul;38(14):2135-46.

Spectral sensitivity of cones in the goldfish, Carassius auratus.

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  • 1Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8103, USA.


The spectral sensitivities of retinal cones isolated from goldfish (Carassius auratus) retinas were measured in the range 277-737 nm by recording membrane photocurrents with suction pipette electrodes (SPE). Cones were identified with lambda max (+/- S.D.) at 623 +/- 6.9 nm, 537 +/- 4.7 nm, 447 +/- 7.7 nm, and about 356 nm (three cells). Two cells (lambda max 572 and 576 nm) possibly represent genetic polymorphism. A single A2 template fits the alpha-band of P447(2), P537(2), and P623(2). HPLC analysis showed 4% retinal:96% 3-dehydroretinal. Sensitivity at 280 nm is nearly half that at the lambda max in the visible. The lambda max of the beta-band (in nm) is a linear function of the lambda max of the alpha-band and follows the same relation as found for A1-based cone pigments of a cyprinid fish.

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