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Int J Cancer. 1998 Nov 9;78(4):446-53.

Mutated connexin43 proteins inhibit rat glioma cell growth suppression mediated by wild-type connexin43 in a dominant-negative manner.

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1
Unit of Multistage Carcinogenesis, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France.

Abstract

Many lines of evidence support the hypothesis that connexins form a family of tumor-suppressor genes. Transfection of connexin43 (Cx43) into rat C6 glioma cells have revealed that Cx43 functions as a growth- and tumor-suppressor in C6 cells. In previous studies, we and others have reported that several mutant connexins can inhibit gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) realized by the wild type in a dominant-negative manner. We have now examined dominant-negative effects of Cx43 mutants on cell growth control exerted by wild-type Cx43 in C6 cells. When 2 Cx43 mutants (L160M and A253V) were transfected into Cx43-transfected C6 cells, they restored anchorage-independent growth capacity and reinforced the tumorigenicity of these cells, meaning that these 2 mutants can inhibit growth-suppressive function of wild-type Cx43 in a dominant-negative manner. Neither of the mutants appeared to affect phosphorylation states and subcellular localization of Cx43 proteins. Intriguingly, the mutant A253V did not suppress GJIC capacity, implying a growth-suppressive pathway mediated by Cx43 may not be related to GJIC.

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