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Clin Rehabil. 1998 Oct;12(5):434-40.

Alternatives for measuring knee extension strength of the elderly at home.

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1
Department of Physical Therapy, School of Allied Health, University of Connecticut, Storrs 06269, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the construct validity of three measures of knee extension strength obtained from elderly individuals.

DESIGN:

Retrospective and cross-sectional.

SETTING:

Home care.

SUBJECTS:

Forty-one consecutively treated patients (mean age 79.2 years).

MEASURES:

Knee extension strength was measured using manual muscle testing, hand-held dynamometry, and the sit-to-stand test.

RESULTS:

Convergent construct validity was supported by the significant correlations between the measures (rs = 0.578-0.702). Discriminant construct validity was confirmed by the finding of significant differences in the manual muscle test scores and in the hand-held dynamometer measures of patients who were unable versus able to stand from a chair without the upper extremities or help. The sensitivity of the two measures for discriminating between patients able versus unable to stand from a chair was 90.9% for manual testing and 68.2% for dynamometry. The specificity was 78.9% for manual testing and 94.7% for dynamometry.

CONCLUSION:

The results of this study show that the three measures employed to characterize knee extension strength are valid when employed with elderly patients in a home care setting.

PMID:
9796934
DOI:
10.1191/026921598673062266
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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