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J Pept Sci. 1998 Sep;4(6):400-10.

1H NMR conformational study on N-terminal nonapeptide sequences of HIV-1 Tat protein: a contribution to structure-activity relationships.

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Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Institute of Biochemistry, Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle, Germany.


On the basis of our recent results, the N-terminal sequence of HIV-1 Tat protein as a natural competitive inhibitor of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV) is supposed to interact directly with the active site of DP IV hence mediating its immunosuppressive effects via specific DP IV interactions. Of special interest is the finding that amino acid substitutions of the Tat(1-9) peptide (MDPVDPNIE) in position 5 with S-isoleucine and in position 6 with S-leucine led to peptides with strongly reduced inhibitory activity suggesting differences in the solution conformation of the three analogues. Therefore, 1H NMR techniques in conjunction with molecular modelling have been used here to determine the solution structure of Tat(1-9), I5-Tat(1-9) and L6-Tat(1-9) and to examine the influence of amino acid exchanges on structural features of these peptides. The defined structures revealed differences in the conformations what might be the reason for different interactions of these Tat(1-9) analogues with certain amino acids of the active site of DP IV.

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