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Lupus. 1998;7(7):492-4.

Autologous peripheral blood stem and progenitor (CD34+) cell transplantation for systemic lupus erythematosus complicated by Evans syndrome.

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1
Division of Haematology, University of Palermo, Italy.

Abstract

Immunoablation followed by allogeneic stem cell (SC) transplantation has been shown to be capable of curing a large spectrum of experimental autoimmune disorders, hereditary and/or induced. Superimposable results, albeit with some exceptions, have been obtained in human patients affected by coincidental autoimmune and blood diseases. However, both because of encouragine experimental results and of the procedure's greater safety, autologous SC are being increasingly utilized worldwide. Case reports are being collected in the registry of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT)/European League against Rheumatism (EULAR) Autoimmune Disease Stem Cell Project. Among the severe autoimmune diseases (SADs), which are the target of autologous transplantation, severe refractory systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a condition which may benefit from this procedure. We report here the case of a 19 year old female patient with a six year history of SLE with secondary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), who later developed refractory Evans syndrome. She was transplanted with autologous mobilized CD34+ SC and progenitor cells after conditioning with cyclosphosphamide, anti-T lymphocyte globulin and prednisone. Eight months after transplant, the patient is alive and well, with normal blood counts and persistent low-titre direct antiglobulin (DAT, Coombs) and anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) tests. Anti-double stranded DNA antibody (Anti-dsDNA), lupus anticoagulant tests and anti-cardiolipin antibody (ACA) test are negative.

PMID:
9796853
DOI:
10.1191/096120398678920424
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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