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Vaccine. 1998 Dec;16(20):1971-5.

Anti-haemolysin IgG1 to IgG2 ratios correlate with haemolysin neutralization titres and lung lesion scores in Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infected pigs.

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Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Canada.


Currently available porcine Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae bacterins afford only minimal protection by decreasing mortality but not morbidity. To evaluate a possible role of IgG subclasses in protection, IgG1 and IgG2 responses to A. pleuropneumoniae haemolysin (HLY) were examined in piglets exposed to a low dose (10(5) c.f.u. ml-1) of A. pleuropneumoniae CM5 (LD) given by aerosol (which affords complete protection) or bacterin-vaccinated piglets (no protection). Only the LD group developed HLY neutralizing antibody. These animals produced both IgG1 and IgG2-associated antibody in response to HLY, and there was a positive correlation (r = 0.6) between IgG1 anti-HLY antibody and neutralizing titres. Anti-HLY IgG1 antibody was negatively correlated with pneumonic scores at necropsy (r = -0.67, p < or = 0.005). These results suggest that immunization procedures that bias anti-HLY antibody to IgG1 may be more efficacious than those inducing IgG2.

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