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Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1998 Oct;107(10 Pt 1):885-90.

Keratinocyte growth factor and its receptor messenger RNA expression in nasal mucosa and nasal polyps.

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Department of Otolaryngology, Tokyo University Branch Hospital, Japan.


To examine the potential biologic role of fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) in nasal polyps and nasal mucosa during chronic inflammatory conditions, we investigated messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of three members of the FGF family -- acidic FGF, basic FGF, and keratinocyte growth factor (KGF)-- in nasal polyp tissues, as well as in hyperplastic nasal mucosa. Using the sensitive method reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), we demonstrated that of the examined FGFs, KGF had the most abundant mRNA expression in nasal polyps and nasal mucosa. We also found that significantly higher levels of KGF mRNA were expressed in nasal polyps than in nasal mucosa, whereas mRNA expression of acidic FGF and basic FGF was relatively low in these tissues. In addition, we showed that KGF receptor mRNA was present in most of the nasal mucosa; however, none or little was expressed in nasal polyps. These results suggest that KGF might play an important role in nasal epithelial proliferation and that excessive synthesis of KGF in nasal polyp stroma may contribute to hypertrophy of the nasal mucosa in patients with chronic sinusitis associated with nasal polyposis.

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