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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Oct 20;251(2):632-6.

Elevated levels of Mr 92,000 type IV collagenase during tumor growth in vivo.

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Department of Neurosurgery, Department of Neuro-Oncology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Texas, 77030, USA.


Our previous studies demonstrated that matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-9) levels were significantly higher in human glioblastoma tissue samples than in low-grade brain tumors and normal brain tissue (Rao et al., Cancer Res. 53, 2208-2211, 1993). In the present study, we measured the levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 during the growth of glial tumors in nude mice by intracerebral injection of glioblastoma cells. Using gelatin zymography, densitometry, and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we found that the enzyme activity and protein count of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were a respective 3- to 10- and 2- to 30-fold higher in tumors at day 14 and 28 than in normal tissue. Immunohistochemical staining for MMP-9 showed strong immunoreactivity in tumor cells and the staining intensity was much higher at day 28, compared to day 14. These results suggest that upregulation of MMP-9 plays a major role in the glioma tumor growth in vivo.

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