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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Oct 20;251(2):409-15.

dE2F2, a novel E2F-family transcription factor in Drosophila melanogaster.

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Laboratory of Cell Biology, Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute, Science University of Tokyo, Japan.


Mammalian E2F transcription factors comprise a family of proteins encoded by distinct genes which function in the form of heterodimers with DP proteins. In Drosophila melanogaster, only a single E2F-related transcription factor, dE2F, has been reported. We have now identified and characterized a cDNA encoding another E2F family member in Drosophila, termed dE2F2. The predicted amino acid sequence shares 38.8% identity with dE2F, including the QKRRIYDITNVLEGI motif which is highly conserved in mammalian E2F family members and dE2F. The 18 amino acids, located in the carboxy-terminal region of the mammalian E2F family, sufficient for binding to pRb are also conserved in dE2F2. Band mobility shift analyses with glutathione S-transferase fusion proteins revealed dE2F2 binding to E2F-recognition sites to be dependent on the presence of dDP protein, in apparent contrast to dE2F. Furthermore, cotransfection experiments in Kc cells demonstrated dE2F2 repression of the PCNA gene promoter activity, while dE2F caused activation, the target site for the repression being identical to the dE2F-recognition site.

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