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Br J Haematol. 1998 Oct;103(1):205-12.

Liposomal amphotericin B compared with amphotericin B deoxycholate in the treatment of documented and suspected neutropenia-associated invasive fungal infections.

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1
Erasmus University Medical Centre Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

It has been suggested that a better outcome of neutropenia-associated invasive fungal infections can be achieved when high doses of lipid formulations of amphotericin B are used. We now report a randomized multicentre study comparing liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome, 5 mg/kg/d) to amphotericin B deoxycholate (AmB, 1 mg/kg/d) in the treatment of these infections. Of 106 possible patients, 66 were enrolled and analysed for efficacy: nine had documented fungaemia, 17 had other invasive mould infections and 40 had suspected pulmonary aspergillosis. After completion of the course medication, in the AmBisome group (n = 32) 14 patients had achieved complete response, seven a partial response and 11 were failures as compared to 6, 13 and 15 patients (n = 34) treated with AmB (P=0.09); P=0.03 for complete responders. A favourable trend for AmBisome was found at day 14, in patients with documented infections and in patients with pulmonary aspergillosis (P=0.05 and P=0.096 respectively). Mortality rates were lower in patients treated with AmBisome (adjusted for malignancy status, P=0.03). More patients on AmB had a >100% increase of their baseline serum creatinine (P<0.001). The results indicate that, in neutropenic patients with documented or suspected invasive fungal infections AmBisome 5 mg/kg/d was superior to AmB 1 mg/kg/d with respect to efficacy and safety.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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