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Vet Microbiol. 1998 Aug 15;62(4):281-90.

Evaluation of cellular and serological diagnostic tests for the detection of Mycobacterium bovis-infected goats.

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Dpto. Patología Animal, Medicina Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, León, Spain.


We have evaluated the comparative intradermal skin (CID) test, the interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) assay, two ELISAs with bovine PPD antigen, the standard and the anamnestic using sera obtained, respectively, at the time of the tuberculin injection and 15 days later, for the diagnosis of caprine tuberculosis (TB). The sensitivity and specificity results were high for the CID test (83.7%, 100%), the IFN-gamma assay (83.7%, 96%) and the anamnestic ELISA (88.6%, 95.8%). In contrast, they were comparatively low for the standard ELISA (54.9%, 88%). However, test results with the standard ELISA were positive in a group of goats with cavitating TB (100%). A combination of the CID test and the IFN-gamma assay offered the highest sensitivity, 95.8%, and also high specificity, 96%. In spite of this, the evidence that the serological tests were most sensitive for the detection of goats with severe lesions (100% positivity) suggested that a combination of CID test and anamnestic ELISA may be most useful as part of an eradication campaign against caprine TB.

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