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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Oct 29;251(3):868-73.

Regulation of a novel immediate early response gene, IEX-1, in keratinocytes by 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3.

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Departments of Medicine, Molecular Biology, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota, 55905, USA.


1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1alpha,25(OH)2D3] regulates cellular growth and differentiation. We show that in keratinocytes, 1alpha, 25(OH)2D3 reduces concentrations of the messenger RNA of IEX-1, the product of which blocks Fas- or tumor necrosis factor type alpha-induced apoptosis in various cells. In sub-confluent keratinocyte cultures, the addition of 1alpha,25(OH)2D3, in amounts that induce growth arrest, reduces IEX-1 mRNA concentrations. In confluent cells, 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 initially reduces and then increases IEX-1 mRNA concentrations. IEX-1 protein is localized in the nucleus and perinuclear region of keratinocytes. In sub-confluent cells, 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 translocates IEX-1 protein from the nucleus to the perinuclear region and cytoplasm. Since IEX-1 has recently been shown to regulate cell survival and number, we suggest that IEX-1 may play a role in keratinocyte growth and differentiation and that 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 may reduce keratinocyte growth via a reduction in IEX-1 mRNA and a change in the intracellular distribution of IEX-1 protein.

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