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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Oct 9;251(1):287-90.

Vascular endothelial growth factor is up-regulated in vitro and in vivo by androgens.

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Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire Eucaryote, UPR 9006 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 118, Route de Narbonne, Toulouse cedex, 31062, France.


Evidence from pathophysiological studies support the concept that embryonic development, tumor progression, and hormonally-regulated tissue masses such as adult prostate and corpus luteum are angiogenesis-dependent. We examined if the prostatic expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the major regulator of normal and pathological angiogenesis, was regulated by testosterone. Northern blot of VEGF messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) extracted from a human immortalized epithelial prostatic cell line (PNT1) showed that dihydrotestosterone (DHT) up-regulated VEGF mRNA at a level comparable to that observed upon exposure to growth factors. Polymerase chain reaction of reverse transcribed mRNA demonstrated that the ratio of the two splice variants encoding the 121 and 165 isoforms of VEGF were not affected by DHT. VEGF biological activity, measured in the conditioned medium by radio receptor assay, was increased by DHT. Injection of testosterone in adult rats induced a transient increase of the ventral lobe weight and the specific activity of prostatic VEGF, leading to a 7-fold increase in the prostate content of VEGF.

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