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Genomics. 1998 Oct 15;53(2):129-36.

At least four loci and gender are associated with susceptibility to the chemical induction of lung adenomas in A/J x BALB/c mice.

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MRC Toxicology Unit, Hodgkin Building, University of Leicester, Lancaster Road, Leicester, LE1 9HN, United Kingdom.


Four putative quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that influence susceptibility to the induction of lung adenomas by urethane in an F2 cross between A/J and BALB/cOlaHsd have been mapped. Following microsatellite typing of mice with resistant and susceptible phenotypes at 97 microsatellite marker loci, a major locus was identified on chromosome 18 with a lod score of 15. This was responsible for an 8- to 10-fold increase in tumor multiplicity in males and females, respectively, having the AA and CC genotypes at the D18Mit188 marker locus. It mapped close to Dcc (deleted in colorectal cancer). A locus on chromosome 4 (lod score 6.5) had the resistant allele in strain A/J and the susceptible allele in BALB/c, with a 14-fold difference in tumor multiplicity between mice of the AA and CC genotypes. This mapped close to the Cdkn2a (cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A) locus, which is commonly deleted in mouse lung tumors. Two loci with smaller effects (lod scores 3.03 and 3.25) were identified on chromosomes 1 and 11. There was also significant sexual dimorphism in tumor multiplicity both among 151 F2 hybrids and among 52 mice resulting from a backcross to strain A/J, with males having higher tumor counts than females.

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