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Eur J Pharmacol. 1998 Sep 11;357(1):15-23.

Parallel modulation of striatal dopamine synthetic enzymes by second messenger pathways.

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1
Neuroscience Program, Ohio State College of Medicine, Columbus 43210, USA.

Abstract

The activity of tyrosine hydroxylase and aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase in the striatum and their mRNA content in the midbrain were assayed in mice following the intracerebroventricular injection of forskolin or phorbol-12,13-myristic acid (PMA). Control and 1-methyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-lesioned animals were studied. Both forskolin and PMA induced a rapid and transient increase of tyrosine hydroxylase and aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase activity in the striatum that lasted less than 45 and 60 min, respectively. A second belated increase of striatal tyrosine hydroxylase and aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase activities was seen only after forskolin, and it was accompanied by a rise of tyrosine hydroxylase and aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase mRNA in the midbrain. In the MPTP-lesioned mouse, the rise of tyrosine hydroxylase and aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase following forskolin appeared exaggerated, while the response to PMA was not. These studies suggest that tyrosine hydroxylase and aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase of striatum can be modulated in parallel by protein kinase A and protein kinase C, and that exaggerated responsiveness to protein kinase A is observed in the partially denervated striatum.

PMID:
9788769
DOI:
10.1016/s0014-2999(98)00497-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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