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J Biomed Mater Res. 1998 Dec 5;42(3):465-72.

In vitro aging of dental composites in water--effect of degree of conversion, filler volume, and filler/matrix coupling.

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Department of Biomaterials and Biomechanics, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland 97201, USA.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term effect of aging in water on the physical properties of experimental composites having systematically controlled differences in degree of conversion (DC), filler volume fraction (Vf), and percentage of silane-treated fillers. Composites were made with a 50% Bis-GMA:50% TEGDMA light-cured resin and a 1-2 microm (average size) strontium glass filler (+ 5 wt% SiO2 microfiller). For composites A-E, the DC was varied from 56-66% by changing the curing time; for D and F-I, the Vf was varied from 28-62 vol%; and for D and J-M, the percent of fillers with a silane coupling agent (gamma-MPS) was varied from 20-100%. Fracture toughness (KIc), flexure strength (FS), elastic modulus (E), and hardness (KHN) were tested after soaking in water at 37 degrees C for 1 day, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years. The KIc was reduced 20-30% for all composites after 6 months, with minimal changes thereafter. The FS was reduced for several composites at 6 months, but only those with poor cure (A and B) were lower at 2 years than they were initially. The E was not reduced for most composites. Hardness was reduced for most composites after 6 months, but many returned to their original levels at 2 years. Long-term aging in water caused a reduction in the KIc, independent of composition, but had little effect on other properties, suggesting limited degradation of composites in water.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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