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Drug Alcohol Depend. 1998 Aug 1;51(3):219-27.

Association between drug use patterns and HIV risks among homeless, runaway, and street youth in northern California.

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San Francisco Department of Public Health, AIDS Office, CA 94102-6033, USA.


We examined relationships between drug use patterns and HIV risk behaviors among 1121 street-recruited homeless, runaway, and 'street youth' in Northern California. Comparisons demonstrated that youth using any heroin, methamphetamine, or cocaine exhibited more sexual risks than non-users, while primary stimulant and combined heroin/stimulant users showed greatest sexual risk. Combined heroin/stimulant injectors showed higher risk injection practices than primary heroin or primary stimulant injectors, including frequent injections and backloading syringes. Interventions for street youth should be tailored to current drug use patterns since those using combinations of heroin and stimulants may require more comprehensive prevention, support and treatment services.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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