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J Biol Chem. 1998 Oct 30;273(44):28553-6.

Cloning of cDNA encoding a novel mouse DNA topoisomerase III (Topo IIIbeta) possessing negatively supercoiled DNA relaxing activity, whose message is highly expressed in the testis.

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Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, Japan.


We cloned cDNA encoding a novel mouse homologue of DNA topoisomerase III (mTOP3beta). The nucleotide sequence contains an open reading frame of 863 amino acids, and the deduced molecular mass of the coded protein is 96.9 kDa. The overall sequence of mTOP3beta has a 48 and 36% identity with mouse TOP3alpha at the nucleotide and amino acid level, respectively. DNA topoisomerase IIIbeta was expressed using a baculovirus expression system and purified. The purified DNA topoisomerase IIIbeta had activity to relax negatively supercoiled DNA. Relaxation of supercoiled DNA was partial at 37 degreesC and complete relaxation was observed at higher temperatures. mTOP3beta mRNA was strongly expressed in the testis and relatively strongly in the brain. The levels of TOP3beta mRNA in the testis increased slightly 14 days and considerably 17 days after birth, when the cells in the pachytene phase begin to appear and increase.

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