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Bioorg Med Chem. 1998 Aug;6(8):1163-9.

Synthetic analogues of TNP-470 and ovalicin reveal a common molecular basis for inhibition of angiogenesis and immunosuppression.

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Center for Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA.


TNP-470 (1), a synthetic derivative of the natural product fumagillin (2), potently inhibits angiogenesis in vivo and the growth of endothelial cell cultures in vitro. The structurally related natural product ovalicin (3) also inhibits angiogenesis but possesses potent immunosuppressive activity. The recent finding that all three drugs bind and inhibit the same target, methionine aminopeptidase 2 (MetAP2), raised the question of whether TNP-470 is also immunosuppressive and whether inhibition of MetAP2 underlies both activities of ovalicin. To address these questions, we synthesized a series of analogues of TNP-470 and ovalicin and tested them for their abilities to inhibit the proliferation of either endothelial cell or mixed lymphocyte cultures. TNP-470 and its analogues were found to possess both immunosuppressive and anti-angiogenic activities. A strong correlation was observed between the ability of compounds to inhibit bovine and human endothelial cell growth and their ability to inhibit the mouse mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR), implying that the two activities share a common molecular basis, i.e., inhibition of MetAP2. Interestingly, ovalicin and several other compounds behaved differently in the human MLR than in either the mouse MLR or human endothelial cell proliferation assays, pointing to possible species-specific and cell type-specific differences in the metabolism or uptake of these compounds.

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