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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1998 Oct 21;1405(1-3):55-66.

Studies on the endothelin-1-induced contraction of rat granulation tissue pouch mediated by myofibroblasts.

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Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.


A granulation tissue pouch, mostly composed of myofibroblasts, was prepared by injecting rats subcutaneously with croton oil. The contraction of the granulation tissue pouch caused by endothelin-1 (ET-1) and the effects of the ET receptor antagonists, BQ123 and BQ788 on it were thus examined. ET-1 produced contractions in a dose-dependent manner. Pretreatment with BQ123, an ETA receptor selective antagonist, shifted the dose-response curve to the right, whereas pretreatment with BQ788, an ETB receptor selective antagonist, showed little effect. IRL1620, an ETB receptor selective agonist, did not cause any contraction in the granulation tissue pouch. The existence of both ETA and ETB receptors in the granulation tissue pouch and in cultured myofibroblasts was demonstrated by RT-PCR. Intracellular Ca2+ mobilization in Fura-2/acetyl-methoxy ester loaded cultured myofibroblasts isolated from the granulation tissue was also examined. ET-1 produced a transient increase in [Ca2+]i followed by a sustained elevation of [Ca2+]i, whereas IRL1620 caused only a transient peak. These results suggest that the ET-1 induced contraction of granulation tissue is mainly mediated through the mobilization of Ca2+ from the extracellular space caused by stimulation with ETA receptor.

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