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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Sep 29;250(3):805-8.

Activation of Fgf8 in S115 mouse mammary tumor cells is associated with genomic integration of mouse mammary tumor virus.

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MediCity Research Laboratory, University of Turku, Turku, 20520, Finland.


Fgf8 is an embryonally expressed mitogenic fibroblast growth factor which has transforming capacity. It is expressed in S115 mouse mammary tumor cells (S115 cells) and in parental tumors of DD/Sio mice as well as in some human breast and prostate cancer cell lines. In S115 cells androgens induce the expression of Fgf8 which seems to be associated with the androgen-maintained malignant phenotype of the cells. S115 cells also contain and express Mtv proviruses known to insertionally activate oncogenes in other tumor cells. Here we studied the possibility of insertional activation of Fgf8 in S115 cells by MMTV proviral integration. We demonstrate by Southern blotting that the genomic DNA from DD/Sio tumors and S115 cells contains Mtv-sequences (Mtv-6 and Mtv-17) which are not found in the DNA from spleen or liver of the DD/Sio mice. In addition, the newly integrated Mtv-6 was localized to the DNA fragment containing the Fgf8 gene. Furthermore, the expression of Fgf8 mRNA in DD/Sio tumors and S115 cells was not found in mammary gland or spleen and liver of DD/Sio mice. In S115 cells, Fgf8 mRNA expression was induced in parallel to MMTV mRNA by androgen and glucocorticoids which supports the possibility that Fgf8 is controlled by the steroid-regulated MMTV-LTR. In conclusion, our data provide evidence that the insertion of MMTV into the DD/Sio tumor DNA is associated with the transcriptional activation of Fgf8 in DD/Sio tumor and consequently in S115 mouse mammary tumor cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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