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Anal Biochem. 1998 Nov 1;264(1):87-97.

The maltose-binding protein as a scaffold for monovalent display of peptides derived from phage libraries.

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Biochemistry Program, Department of Biological Sciences, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, British Columbia, V5A 1S6, Canada.

Erratum in

  • Anal Biochem 1999 Jan 15;266(2):240.


Random peptide libraries are displayed on filamentous bacteriophage as fusions to either the minor coat protein, pIII, or the major coat protein, pVIII. We have devised a means of isolating the peptide displayed on a phage clone by transferring it to the N-terminus of the maltose-binding protein (MBP) of Escherichia coli encoded by malE. Transfer of a peptide sequence to monomeric MBP eliminates phage-encoded amino acids downstream of the insert peptide as well as avidity effects caused by multivalent display on phage. Peptide:MBP fusions are also easily affinity purified on amylose columns. The pMal-p2 vector was engineered to accept phage DNA encoding pIII- and pVIII-displayed peptides fused to their respective leader sequences. Both types of leader sequence were shown to target the peptide:MBP fusions to the periplasm of E. coli. A streamlined procedure for transferring peptides to MBP was applied to clones that had been isolated from a panel of pVIII-displayed peptide libraries by screening with an HIV-1-specific monoclonal antibody (Ab). By enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the Ab bound each of the peptide:MBP fusions and required the presence of a disulfide bridge within each peptide. Some of the peptide:MBP fusions were also analyzed using surface plasmon resonance. Thus, our study shows the value of malE fusion vectors in characterizing phage-displayed peptides.

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