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J Urol. 1998 Nov;160(5):1668-71; discussion 1671-2.

Results of a randomized phase III trial of sequential intravesical therapy with mitomycin C and bacillus Calmette-Guerin versus mitomycin C alone in patients with superficial bladder cancer.

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Department of Urology, University Hospital, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.



We study toxicity and efficacy of sequential intravesical therapy with mitomycin C and bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) in patients with intermediate or high risk superficial bladder cancer compared to the use of intravesical mitomycin C alone.


Patients with intermediate and high risk papillary superficial bladder cancer and carcinoma in situ were randomized after transurethral resection between 4 weekly instillations with 40 mg. mitomycin C followed by 6 weekly instillations with BCG (group 1, 90 patients) or 10 weekly instillations with mitomycin C (group 2, 92 patients).


The frequency of bacterial and chemical cystitis, and other local side effects was similar in both groups. Allergic reactions, including skin rash, were more frequent in the mitomycin C only group (12 of 92 patients versus 5 of 90, p = 0.08), and other systemic side effects were more frequent in the sequential group (16 of 90 versus 8 of 92, p = 0.07). After a median followup of 32 months the number of recurrences (sequential 35 of 90 patients versus mitomycin C only 42 of 92, p = 0.36) and progression (5 of 90 versus 4 of 92 respectively, p = 0.70) were similar in both groups.


We did not find any major differences in toxicity or treatment efficacy with intravesical mitomycin C and the sequential use of BCG or mitomycin C for intermediate and high risk superficial papillary bladder cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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