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Pediatr Dent. 1998 Jul-Aug;20(4):281-7.

The dental status of asthmatic British school children.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Leeds Dental Institute, England.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study was performed to determine the prevalence of dental disease in British school children with asthma.

METHODS:

A convenience sample of 100 asthmatic children (aged 4-16 years) was examined for dental caries, periodontal condition, and tooth surface loss. School children, equated for age, sex, race, and socioeconomic status were chosen for comparison. Children were divided into two age ranges; 4-10 and 11-16 years. A significant difference was found in DMFT (0.96 vs. 0.31) and DMFS (1.37 vs. 0.37) between the 4-10-year-old asthmatic children compared with healthy control children.

RESULTS:

In the 11-16-year age range, the asthmatic children had a DMFT and DMFS of 2.48 and 3.39 compared with the control children who had a DMFT and DMFS of 1.11 and 1.97 respectively. Asthmatic children had significantly more plaque, gingivitis, and calculus compared with the control group. There was a significant difference in the severity and number of teeth affected by tooth surface loss affecting labial surfaces of the anterior teeth and occlusal surfaces of the posterior teeth of asthmatic children.

CONCLUSIONS:

It was concluded that asthmatic children have more decay affecting their permanent teeth, poorer periodontal status, and more tooth surface loss than healthy controls.

PMID:
9783301
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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