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Adv Exp Med Biol. 1998;440:275-9.

Subgenomic RNA7 is transcribed with different leader-body junction sites in PRRSV (strain VR2332) infection of CL2621 cells.

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Department of Veterinary PathoBiology, University of Minnesota, St. Paul 55108, USA.


Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), like all members of the order Nidoviridae, is expressed in the infected cell as a nested set of subgenomic (sg) RNAs with a common 5'-leader sequence. We have determined that the 5'-leader sequence for the US prototype strain (VR2332, Collins, et al., 1992) is distinct from the European prototype strain [Lelystad (LV); Wensvoort, et al., 1991, Meulenberg et al., 1993a], yet these two strains use almost the same sequence for downstream sites of 5'-leader-body junction formation. Analysis of VR2332 genomic sequence identified several potential 5'-leader-body junction sequences upstream of open reading frame (ORF) 7, coding for the nucleocapsid protein, that could be used for generation of VR2332 sgRNA7 transcripts. Sequence determinations of RT-PCR-generated cDNA clones of sgRNA7 identified two species of RNA7 transcripts in infected cells, one utilizing a leader-body junction sequence (AUAACC) 123 nucleotides upstream of the AUG start site and one utilizing a sequence (UAAACC) 9 nucleotides upstream of the AUG start site for ORF7 translation.

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