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Eur J Hum Genet. 1998 May-Jun;6(3):283-90.

Cloning and gene structure of the rod cGMP phosphodiesterase delta subunit gene (PDED) in man and mouse.

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Abteilung Medizinische Genetik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universit√§t M√ľnchen, Germany.


Rod-specific cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) is a key enzyme of the phototransduction cascade, and mutations in its catalytic subunits have been associated with retinal degenerative diseases. The bovine delta-subunit solubilises the normally membrane-bound PDE and is the only subunit expressed in extraocular tissues. We isolated the human and mouse orthologs, and found 78% identity at the DNA level and 98% identity at the protein level. The Caenorhabditis elegans homolog shows 69% identity at the protein level. The human PDED gene consisted of 5 exons spanning at least 30 kb of genomic DNA. Northern blot analysis showed a 1.3 kb transcript in human retina, heart, brain, placenta, liver, and skeletal muscle. Fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) and radiation hybrid mapping localised the human PDED gene to chromosome 2q37. A preliminary screen of all 5 exons in 20 unrelated patients with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa revealed no PDED mutations.

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