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J Infect Dis. 1976 Sep;134(3):290-3.

beta-Lactamase activity in Chromobacterium violaceum.


A strain of Chromobacterium violaceum isolated from a fatally infected patient was found to produce a beta-lactamase. When the organism was grown in drug-free medium, beta-lactamase activity was barely detectable, but when it was grown in the presence of penicillin G, a much larger amount of activity was produced. The beta lactamase was active primarily against cephalosporins; it was sensitive to inhibition by cloxacillin but resistant to p-chloromercuribenzoate. Thus this enzyme closely resembled the common type of beta-lactamase found in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The organism was relatively susceptible to ticarcillin, carbenicillin, and cefoxitin, which resected hydrolysis by its beta-lactamase, but was quite resistant to 11 other beta-lactam antibiotics. Production of the beta-lactamase appeared to be mediated by chromosomal genes.

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