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Proteins. 1998 Nov 1;33(2):253-64.

Identification of functional and unfolding motions of cutinase as obtained from molecular dynamics computer simulations.

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Unilever Research Laboratory Vlaardingen, The Netherlands.


The implementation of cutinase from Fusarium solani pisi as a fat-stain removing ingredient in laundry washing is hampered by its unfolding in the presence of anionic surfactants. In this work we present molecular dynamics (MD) computer simulations on cutinase and analysis procedures to distinguish the movements related to its functional behavior (e.g., substrate binding) from those related to the unfolding of the enzyme. Two kinds of MD-simulations were performed: a simulation mimicking the thermal motion at room temperature, and several simulations in which unfolding is induced either by high temperature or by using a modified water-protein interaction potential. Essential dynamics analyses (A. Amadei et al., Proteins 17:412-425, 1993) on the simulations identify distinct regions in the molecular structure of cutinase in which the motions occur for function and initial unfolding. The unfolding in various simulations starts in a similar way, suggesting that mutations in the regions involved might stabilize the enzyme without affecting its functionality.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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