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J Clin Oncol. 1998 Oct;16(10):3270-8.

Follow-up of relapsed B-cell lymphoma patients treated with iodine-131-labeled anti-CD20 antibody and autologous stem-cell rescue.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) is a promising treatment approach for B-cell lymphomas. This is our first opportunity to report long-term follow-up data and late toxicities in 29 patients treated with myeloablative doses of iodine-131-anti-CD20 antibody (anti-B1) and autologous stem-cell rescue.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Trace-labeled biodistribution studies first determined the ability to deliver higher absorbed radiation doses to tumor sites than to lung, liver, or kidney at varying amounts of anti-B1 protein (0.35, 1.7, or 7 mg/kg). Twenty-nine patients received therapeutic infusions of single-agent (131)I-anti-B1, given at the protein dose found optimal in the biodistribution study, labeled with amounts of (131)I (280 to 785 mCi [10.4 to 29.0 GBq]) calculated to deliver specific absorbed radiation doses to the normal organs, followed by autologous stem-cell support.

RESULTS:

Major responses occurred in 25 patients (86%), with 23 complete responses (CRs; 79%). The nonhematopoietic dose-limiting toxicity was reversible cardiopulmonary insufficiency, which occurred in two patients at RIT doses that delivered > or = 27 Gy to the lungs. With a median follow-up time of 42 months, the estimated overall and progression-free survival rates are 68% and 42%, respectively. Currently, 14 of 29 patients remain in unmaintained remissions that range from 27+ to 87+ months after RIT. Late toxicities have been uncommon except for elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels found in approximately 60% of the subjects. Two patients developed second malignancies, but none have developed myelodysplasia (MDS).

CONCLUSION:

Myeloablative (131)I-anti-B1 RIT is relatively well tolerated when given with autologous stem-cell support and often results in prolonged remission durations with few late toxicities.

PMID:
9779701
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.1998.16.10.3270
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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