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Neuropsychobiology. 1998 Oct;38(3):152-66.

A history of the use of anticonvulsants as mood stabilizers in the last two decades of the 20th century.

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1
Biological Psychiatry Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892-1272, USA.

Abstract

Anticonvulsants have moved into an important position as alternatives and adjuncts to lithium carbonate in the treatment of bipolar illness. Work with the nonhomologous model of kindled seizures helped in the choice of carbamazepine as a potential mood stabilizer and in the study of the mechanisms of action of the second generation anticonvulsants carbamazepine and valproate, as well as the putative third generation psychotropic anticonvulsants lamotrigine and gabapentin. Anticonvulsant neuropeptides such as TRH and nonconvulsant approaches with repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) also appear promising.

PMID:
9778604
DOI:
10.1159/000026532
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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