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Oncogene. 1998 Oct 8;17(14):1871-5.

Genomic characterization of the human trkC gene.

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  • 1Unidad de Medicina Molecular-Departamento de Medicina, Universidad de Salamanca, Spain.


The trkC gene encodes the high-affinity receptor for neurotrophin 3 and plays an important role in the regulation of the survival and differentiation of the mammalian nervous system and in heart development. Chromosomal rearrangements of trkC have been recently reported in congenital fibrosarcoma and it has been proposed that abnormal activation of this gene might be involved in tumor development. To facilitate the search for new mutations and rearrangements in the human trkC locus we have partially characterized its genomic organization by restriction mapping and have obtained the complete intron-exon structure. Our results show that human trkC consists of 20 exons, including two that encode the inserts present in the extracellular and tyrosine kinase domains, and another two that encode the carboxyl-terminal tail of the truncated TRKC isoform. Analysis of the 5' flanking region revealed the absence of TATA box, a very high content in C/G compatible with a CpG island and the presence of putative binding sites for the AP1, AP2, GC, ATF, BRN2, AML1 and Nkx2.5 transcription factors.

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