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J Clin Pharmacol. 1976 Oct;16(10 Pt 1):461-7.

A comparison of the bioavailability of digoxin in capsule, tablet, and solution taken orally with intravenous digoxin.


Six healthy volunteers were given five single-dose treatments of 0.40 mg digoxin either intravenously, in liquid form, in conventional tablet form (dissolution rate 76 per cent in 1-hour), or in new capsule preparations containing 0.05, 0.10, or 0.20 mg digoxin per capsule. Serum levels, area under the concentration-time curve, and daily urinary digoxin excretion were measured for six days. Higher serum digoxin levels were seen after ingestion of the capsules than after the tablets, with peak levels for the former being 2.2-2.8 times higher than after tablet digoxin. Bioavailability was assessed further by comparing the area under a six-hour concentration-time curve, and again the capsules gave a consistently higher value than the tablets. In addition, the absorption of 0.40 mg digoxin from any of the capsule preparations was much greater than 0.50 mg digoxin in commercially available tablets. The six-day cumulative urinary digoxin excretion was also greater for the capsules than for the 0.20-mg tablets. In comparison with intravenous digoxin, tablets provide 75 per cent maximum bioavailability, whereas the capsule preparations of digoxin improve the bioavailability of digoxin and the 0.20-mg digoxin capsule is absorbed better than 0.25-mg digoxin tablet.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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