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Compr Psychiatry. 1998 Sep-Oct;39(5):265-70.

Body dysmorphic disorder in psychiatric outpatients: recognition, prevalence, comorbidity, demographic, and clinical correlates.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, RI, USA.


The prevalence of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), based on structured and unstructured clinical interviews, was compared in two samples of psychiatric outpatients drawn from the same practice setting. In the first sample, 500 patients were diagnosed according to a routine, unstructured clinical interview. In the second sample, 500 subjects were diagnosed according to information obtained by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID). No patient was diagnosed with BDD in the clinical sample, whereas 16 (3.2%) patients were diagnosed with BDD in the SCID sample. Compared with patients without BDD, patients with BDD received significantly more current axis I diagnoses, and were more likely to be diagnosed with current obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and social phobia. Both groups were diagnosed with major depression at similar rates. Patients with BDD, versus those without, tended to be sicker and more functionally impaired. It appears that BDD is an infrequent disorder in an outpatient setting, which is rarely recognized when clinicians conduct their routine diagnostic interview. Although it was not usually a patient's principal reason for seeking treatment, the majority of patients with BDD in this sample wanted their treatment to address these symptoms.

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