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Mol Cell. 1998 Sep;2(3):293-304.

Mutation of E2f-1 suppresses apoptosis and inappropriate S phase entry and extends survival of Rb-deficient mouse embryos.

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MIT Center for Cancer Research, Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA.


Mice mutant for the Rb tumor suppressor gene die in mid-gestation with defects in erythropoiesis, cell cycle control, and apoptosis. We show here that embryos mutant for both Rb and its downstream target E2f-1 demonstrate significant suppression of apoptosis and S phase entry in certain tissues compared to Rb mutants, implicating E2f-1 as a critical mediator of these effects. Up-regulation of the p53 pathway, required for cell death in these cells in Rb mutants, is also suppressed in the Rb/E2f-1 double mutants. However, double mutants have defects in cell cycle regulation and apoptosis in some tissues and die at approximately E17.0 with anemia and defective skeletal muscle and lung development, demonstrating that E2F-1 regulation is not the sole function of pRB in development.

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