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Mol Psychiatry. 1998 Sep;3(5):435-7.

C677T polymorphism in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene and psychoses.

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Department of Psychiatry, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.


A common missense mutation of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene (C677T) has been shown to be a risk factor for premature cardiovascular disease and neural tube defect. Deficient activity of MTHFR has also been implicated in the pathogenesis of psychiatric conditions such as schizophrenia and affective disorders. Arinami et al found an increased frequency of homozygosity for the mutated type (T677) of the MTHFR gene in schizophrenia and depression. We tried to replicate this finding in a sample of 343 patients with schizophrenia, 143 with bipolar disorder, 71 with unipolar depression, and 258 controls; however, there was no significantly increased frequency of homozygosity for the T677 allele in any of the diagnostic groups, compared to the controls. Our results suggest that homozygosity for the T677 allele of the MTHFR gene is unlikely to play a major role in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia or affective disorders in our sample.

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