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Zygote. 1998 May;6(2):125-35.

The site of fertilisation determines dorsoventral polarity but not chirality in the zebra mussel embryo.

Author information

1
Johannes Gutenberg Universit├Ąt, Mainz, Germany.

Abstract

The dorsoventral polarity of unequally cleaving spiralian embryos becomes established at an early stage. The factors determining the position of the dorsoventral axis are still unknown. We present data showing that the sperm entry point (SEP) in both normal development and under experimental conditions determines the position of the first cleavage furrow in Dreissena embryos. The position of the spindles at second cleavage is directed by the site of fertilisation also, and the large, dorsal D quadrant of the 4-cell stage always forms opposite the SEP. The spiral chirality at third cleavage seems to be independent of both the fertilisation point and the arrangement of the quadrants. Dextral and sinistral third cleavages are found in a single egg batch, but sinistral cleavages prevail. We postulate that two factors coordinate the proper positioning of the dorsoventral axis. The sperm entry point as an epigenetic factor determines the dorsal side of the embryo. But since the dorsoventral axis forms oblique to the first cleavage furrow, this first decision is still ambiguous, and a second decision is required that, due to the alternative chirality of spiral cleavage, finally sets up the dorsoventral axis.

PMID:
9770777
DOI:
10.1017/s0967199498000045
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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