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Rev Pneumol Clin. 1998 May;54(2):85-7.

[Unusual lung mycosis: Penicillium++ marneffei infection].

[Article in French]

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Service de Pneumologie, Hôpital Laënnec, Herblain.


We report an uncommon radiographic finding which led to the diagnosis of Penicillium marneffei pulmonary mycosis in an HIV positive woman. The patient who lived in France had travelled several times to her native country. Thailand, prior to the development of fever, weight loss, skin lesions with a macular aspect around the umbilicus. The chest x-ray demonstrated non-excavated round opacities. Penicillium marneffei was isolated from alveolar lavage fluid and blood samples. This rare fungus is usually found in immunodepressed subjects, especially HIV+ patients (CD4 < 50) should be suspected in subjects who have travelled to endemic zones (Southeast Asia). Penicillium marneffei is considered as a criteria for AIDS. P. marneffei is the only dimorphic member of the Penicillium genus and has a particular affinity for the reticuloendothelial system. Clinical manifestations vary, usually with skin lesions. Mycology diagnosis is usually made on blood samples as well as alveolar lavage or pleural fluids. Antifungals (amphotericin B. itraconazole, ketoconazole) are generally effective but the risk of relapse underlines the importance of secondary prophylaxis in immunodepressed subjects.

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