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J Virol Methods. 1998 Aug;73(2):163-74.

Flow cytometric detection of EBV (EBER snRNA) using peptide nucleic acid probes.

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Department of Immunocytochemistry, DAKO A/S, Glostrup, Denmark.


The application of peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probes for detection of Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) snRNA in fixed cells is described. Fluorescein labelled PNA probes were used to detect EBER1 and EBER2 snRNA in Raji, Daudi and HS-Sultan cells. The fixation and permeabilization of cells were optimized. The optimal fixation was found to be 5% acetic acid plus 4% paraformaldehyde in PBS and the optimal permeabilization 0.5% Tween 20 in PBS whereas no proteolytic digestion was needed. The hybridization time needed with the PNA probes was only 1 h. When running mixed samples of Ramos (EBV neg.) Raji, Daudi and HS-Sultan (EBV pos.) cells in flow cytometry a strong fluorescence signal was seen in Raji, Daudi and HS-Sultan cells whereas no fluorescence signal was seen in the Ramos cells. In total 0.5% EBER positive Raji cells could easily be identified in a mixture of Raji and Ramos cells. The results were verified by fluorescence microscopy. It is concluded that PNA probes can be used for in situ hybridization in solution and the analysis can be done using flow cytometry or fluorescence microscopy. PNA probes therefore may facilitate and enhance the potential use of the in situ hybridization/flow cytometry combination.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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